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MINTS

Late Roman Coinage (A.D. 317-498)

 

 

Mints that issued roman coins during the period A.D. 317-498.

1 - Alexandria   8 - Constantinopolis   15 - Ravenna
2 - Ambianum   9 - Cyzicus   16 - Roma
3 - Antiochia   10 - Heraclea   17 - Sirmium
4 - Aquileia   11 - Londinium   18 - Siscia
5 - Arelate   12 - Lugdunum   19 - Thessalonica
6 - Barcino   13 - Mediolanum   20 - Ticinum
7 - Carthago   14 - Nicomedia   21 - Treveri

 

Click on the mint's numbers, to see a detailed map.

 

Most common marks in the exergue

From Aurelianus, we find (practically always in the lower part of reverse or exergue) letters wich indicate the mint (place of minting) and also the office (factory). This information is complemented with symbols or letters in the field indicating the series or what is the same, the period of minting.

With the monetary Reform of Diocletianus (A.D. 286-295), this custom became general until the end of the Empire. It allows to know better these coin’s origin and dates than in previous times.

A mint mark was (usually) formed by three elements:

A) One to four letters representing the mint.

B) A single letter indicating the officina or factory (in latin or greek).

C) Other letters like P (Pecunia), M (Moneta), SM (Sacra Moneta), etc.

 
A - Mint marks

 

Alexandria
Period Gold Silver Bronze   Period Gold Silver Bronze
294-296   ALE     294-474     ALE
294-314 ALE       317-348     SMAL
Ambianum
Period Gold Silver Bronze
350-353     AM, AMB, AMBI
Antiochia
Period Gold Silver Bronze
294-375 ANT, SMA, SMAN ANT, SMAN AN, ANT, SMAN
317-335     SMANT
367-383 ANOB, ANTOB,
KANOB, PANOB
   
376-488     ANT
484-488 ANTOB    
Aquileia
Period Gold Silver Bronze
294-367 AQ, MAQ, SMAQ AQ, LXAQ, MAQ, SMAQ, TAQ  
367-425 AQOB, COM, COMOB AQ, AQPS  
294-437     AQ, SMAQ
361-364     AQVIL
Arelate /
Constantina
Period Gold Silver Bronze
313-476 ARL, COMOB, CONOB,
KONSTAN, KONOB
   
336-413   ARL, CON, CONS, CONT,
KONT, SMAR, SMKAP
 
313-413     A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST
Barcino
Period Gold Silver Bronze
409-411   SMB SMB
Carthago
Period Gold Silver Bronze
296-307 PK no mark FK, PK
308-311 PK   PK
423-425     no mark
Constantinopolis
Period Gold Silver Bronze
326-366 CONS, CONSP, MCONS CONS, CP, MCONS CONS, CONSP
367-491 CONOB C, CNCM, CON, CONCM, CONS CON, CONS
Cyzicus
Period Gold Silver Bronze
268-294     MCXXI, XXI, XXIMC
268-367 C, K, SC, SMK    
294-367   CM, KV, SMK  
361-363     CVZIC, CVZICEN
294-491     CVZ, K, KV, MK, MKV, SMK
Heraclea
Period Gold Silver Bronze
291-296     H, XXI
294-340   H, SMH  
296-474     HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT
313-367 MHR, SMH, SMHER,
SMHR, SMHS, SMHT
   
Londinium /
Augusta
Period Gold Silver Bronze
287-296 no mark no mark no mark
ML, MSL L, ML L, ML, MLXXI, MSL, QL, XI
297     LON
c.298-307     no mark
307-314, 316-21     PLN
314-315     MLL
315-316     MLN, MSL
320-325     PLON
383-388 AVG, AVGOB AVG, AVGPS  
Lugdunum
Period Gold Silver Bronze
256-294 no mark no mark L, LVG, SML
300-310     LC
313-350     LG
336-392   LVG  
340-351   LG  
340-375 LVG    
348-363     FPLG, GPLG, LPLG
PPLG, MPLG, RPLG
351-353 NLVG   SPRLG
353-367 SMLVG   LG
360-363   LVGD LVGDOFF
360-418     LVG, LVGV
367-375   SMLAP LVGA, LVGP, LVGPR, LVGS
378-395   LVGPS  
388-411 COM    
407-413 COMOB LDPS, LDPV, SMLD  
Mediolanum
Period Gold Silver Bronze
352-475 COM, COMOB, MDOB, MED, SMMED    
383-475   MD, MDPS  
425-475     DM, MD
Nicomedia
Period Gold Silver Bronze
294-395 SMN SMN  
294-398     NIC, NICO, SMN
325-327 MN, N N MN, N
361-367 NIK NIK NIK
Ravenna
Period Gold Silver Bronze
402-475/6 COB, COM, COMOB RV, RVPS  
457-461     RV
Roma
Period Gold Silver Bronze
3rd century B.C.
- A.D. 294
no mark no mark no mark
ROMA ROMA RQ, ROMA
294-476 R R R
308-10, 330-331     RB
310-311     RE
326 SMR SMR SMR
364-378 SMR   SMR
329-330     RF
336-337, 425-455     ROM
355-361, 364-378 RM    
361-364     ROMA, VRB ROM
364-367   ROMA RSM, RPRIMA
367-378 ROMA   SMR
388-394 ROMOB   R
395-423 COM   SMROM
395-476 COMOB RM, RMPS RM
409-410   PST  
425-455     RO
467-472 CORMOB    
383-388 AVG, AVGOB AVG, AVGPS  
Sirmium
Period Gold Silver Bronze
320-326 SIRM SIRM SIRM
351-364 SIRM SIRM SIRM
379-395 COMOB, SIROB SMSPV  
Siscia
Period Gold Silver Bronze
259-294 no mark   no mark
  S, SMS
294-296 SIS SIS no mark
295-387 SIS, SISC, SMSIS, SMSISC SIS, SISPS SIS, SISC, SMSISC, XXISIS
364-413     D-SISC, SISCA, SISCE,
SISCP, SISCR, SM
Thessalonica
Period Gold Silver Bronze
298-491 COM, COMOB, CONOB, KTES,
MTS, SMTES, SMTS, TESOB,
THCOB, THES, THSOB, TS, TSE.
COM, CON, MTS, SMTES,
SMTS, TE, TES, THES,
THSOB, TS, TSE.
SMTES, SMTS,
TES, THS, TS,
TS(A)VI, TS(A)VII.
Ticinum
Period Gold Silver Bronze
294-326 SMT, T T T
Treveri
Period Gold Silver Bronze   Period Gold Silver Bronze
294-329 no mark no mark no mark   355-388     SMTR
294-367 TR       367-388 SMTR    
294-383   TR     367-429   TRPS  
294-429     TR   388-395 COM    
313-315 TRE       395-423   TRMS  
327-328     TRE   411-413 COMOB    
335-383   SMTR     411-430 TROB   TR

 
B - Officina marks

Note: the specify letters of each mint appear generically like "++".

I++, P++, ++P, ++Α, Α (alfa) "Prima", the 1st officina of a mint.
II++, S ++, ++S, ++Β, Β (beta) "Secunda", the 2nd officina of a mint.
III++, T++, ++T, ++C, Γ (gamma) "Tertia", the 3rd officina of a mint.
IIII++, Q++, ++Q, ++D, Δ (delta) "Quarta", the 4th officina of a mint.
V++, Ε++, ++Ε, Є (epsilon) "Quinta", the 5th officina of a mint.
VI++, ++VI, ϛ++, ++ϛ (digamma or stigma) "Sexta", the 6th officina of a mint.
VII++, Ζ++, ++Ζ (zeta, dseta or dseda) "Septima", the 7th officina of a mint.
Η++, ++Η (eta) "Octava", the 8th officina of a mint.
N++, Θ++ (theta), ΔΕ ++ (delta & epsilon) "Nona", the 9th officina of a mint.
++X, Ι++, ++Ι (iota) "Decima", the 10th officina of a mint.
XII++, ΙΑ++, ΑΙ++ (iota & alfa) 11th officina of a mint.
XII++, ΙΒ++, ΒΙ++ (iota & beta) 12th officina of a mint.
ΙΓ++, ΓΙ++ (iota & gamma) 13th officina of a mint.
ΙΔ++, ΔΙ++ (iota & delta) 14th officina of a mint.
ΙΕ++, ΕΙ++ (iota & epsilon) 15th officina of a mint.

 
C - Others marks

Note: the specify letters of each mint appear generically like "++".

COM, COM++ (Monetae) "Comitatenses", to denote their palatine status.
P++ "Pecunia" (money) or "Prima" indicating the 1st officina of a mint.
M++ "Moneta", money.
SM++ "Sacra Moneta" or "Signata Moneta".
++OB "Obryzum / Obryzatus / Obryzus", made in pure gold.
OF, OFF "Officina".
++PS, PST "Pecunia Sacra" or "Pusulatum" indicanting pure silver.
LX, LXXII Some mints mark the bronzes with this indicative of value (60, 72 pieces by pound).
XXI / KA Marks of value that used in the "antoninianii" from the times of Aurelianus to the Reform of Diocletianus (XXI in lain it´s equal to KA in greek). Probably indicates its composition: twenty parts of copper by one of silver. These marks continued being used during some time in some Eastern mints like Siscia or Alexandria.

 

           

 

Prologue Introduction Abbreviatio. Historical
Maps
Mints
(A.D.317-498)
Indexes:
- 2 - 3 - 4
Bibliography
& Links

 

           

 

      M. Pina   -  Javi